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我们永远不会忘记——Peter Anthony

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发表于 2015-12-19 16:36:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  “我们永远不会忘记”,这是以色列总理内塔尼亚胡本杰明对中国人民的心声。他不只一次提到了上海和中国人民在第二次世界大战期间帮助犹太人的行为。201593日,中华人民共和国庆祝了第七十周年的胜利与第二次世界大战结束。下面要讲到在上海犹太人区真实故事的一部分。
上海犹太难民博物馆坐落在上海虹口区,1943年与美国的战争爆发后,犹太难民附近挤满了日本人。上周,我连同我的硬币经销商朋友吉姆安德森参观了这个博物馆。这个博物馆让我们两个都进入了一个残酷的,但引人好奇发生在旧上海的历史。一位名叫欧文(他的真实名字)的中国与奥地利血统的18岁的年轻人,为成为我们更好向我们传播这段历史的向导,他做了充足的准备。

  欧文向我们解释说,1930年在德国纳粹党想消灭所有犹太人,欧洲的政治局势对犹太人来说越来越危险。许多犹太人意识到危险并试图移民到更安全的地方。然而,这需要一个旅游签证。让人绝望的是,世界上几乎每个国家都封闭了自己的边界。但幸运的是,总有个例通过对外交的了解获取了帮助。

  其中一个是何凤山,他是奥地利,维也纳的中国领事馆的负责人。当何博士在维也纳城市街头目睹暴力袭击犹太人。他在抗议中选择“目的地”条例,让尽可能多的犹太人签证。该签证允许持有人找到任何中转,这意味着可以到上海。他们也违背了民族主义政府的政策,单无论如何,博士作为代表,他做了。
德国纳粹政府愤怒地迫使中国领事馆关闭。于是何博士租用了附近的一套公寓,并宣布它是一个新的领事馆。他自己付房租,并一直在开证。他甚至在餐馆签了签证。一个估算,他至少签署了5000份,但作为一些签证覆盖整个家庭,他可能已经拯救了更多的人。

  何博士冒着生命危险,牺牲了自己的事业。今天,虽然,何博士的事迹站在上海犹太难民博物馆的故事的最中心。中国人民共和国与世界各地的犹太人与博物馆尊敬他。但当时他回到国内,遭受的是中国国民政府的羞辱和贬低。
1943,作为日本压迫的中国战争期间,日本迫使上海的犹太难民搬到一个小面积在虹口区。这个所谓的上海犹太人不单纯是犹太人。这些难民被简单地挤在了当地的居民当中。条件很惨。食物和物品稀少,室内水管非常少,就业条件也很小。允许在城市的其他地方工作很难。ghoya Kano犹太区的残暴的日军指挥官,ghoya自称,“犹太人的王。”他殴打一些为此申请的居民。因为他也没有任何明显的理由去殴打其他人。

  上海人为了让犹太人生存,就如没有反犹太人主义一样。他们从上海的其他地区带来了供应,并进行了交易。这些包括医疗保健和娱乐。而事实上,许多持久的友谊形成了。有的甚至结婚。

  在20158月,上海犹太难民博物馆的一个新部分被打开了。这是一个在战争年代的白马假日酒店,一个流行的社交场所的再现。这座大楼现在坐落在主要博物馆大楼的对面。一个巨大的草坪通向新客栈的前面。在草坪的中央是一座喷泉,喷泉矗立着赵樯先生设计的一座美丽的雕像。是一个上海女人和一个年轻的犹太女孩。这一艺术品也可以在官方的2013上海薄荷纪念日找到,被称为上海回忆。对于感兴趣的人,999银上海回忆纪念在博物馆礼品店出售。

  在寒冷的十二月天的博物馆参观者。白马假日酒店提供了一个受欢迎的庇护。我和吉姆坐在这个有优良咖啡,能使原有的维也纳业主自豪的杯子的咖啡店中。在品味过这一段中国迷人又值得骄傲的历史后,这是一个来到这里是再好不过的结尾。

原文:

We Will Never Forget

“We will never forget,” Israeli PrimeMinister Benjamin Netanyahu told the people of China. He referred to theactions of the people of Shanghai and China to help Jews during World War II. OnSeptember 3, 2015 the People’s Republic of China celebrated the 70thAnniversary of the Victory Over Fascism, or the end of World War II. The storyof the Shanghai Ghetto is a part of this struggle.

The Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum standsin Shanghai’s Hongkou District, the neighborhood where the Japanese crammed theJewish refugees in 1943 after the outbreak of war with the United States. Ivisited this museum last week together with my coin dealer friend Jim Anderson.Coins offer us a wonderful window into history. The museum let us both stepinto a grim, yet amazing, period in Shanghai’s past. A remarkably poised 18year-old young man of Chinese-Austrian descent named Erwin (his real name) wasour very informative and helpful guide.

Erwin explained to us that the political situation in Europebecame more and more dangerous for Jews during the 1930’s. The Nazi Party inGermany wanted to exterminate Jews everywhere. Many Jews realized the dangerand tried to emigrate to safer places. This, however, required a travel visa. Totheir dismay nearly every country in the world closed its borders. Fortunately,there were a few exceptional individuals who bent diplomatic rules to help.
One of these was Dr. Ho Feng-Shan who headed the Chinese consulatein Vienna, Austria. As Dr. Ho walked the streets of Vienna he witnessed violentattacks on the city’s Jews. In protest he chose to issue “End Destination”visas to as many Jews as possible. The visas allowed the holder to find any"transit" means possible to get to Shanghai. These visas were literallylifesavers. They were also contrary to the policy of the Nationalist GovernmentDr. Ho represented. He did it anyway.

The German Nazi government angrily forced the Chinese Consulate toclose. So Dr. Ho rented a nearby apartment and declared it a new consulate. Hepaid the rent himself and kept issuing exit documents. He even signed visas inrestaurants. One estimate is that he signed 5,000, but as some covered entirefamilies he may have saved more people than that.
Dr. Ho risked his life and sacrificed his own career inthis effort. When he finally returned home to China the Nationalist Chinesegovernment disgraced and demoted him. Today, though, Dr. Ho’s bravery andcompassion stands at the very center of the story of the Shanghai Jewish RefugeesMuseum. The People’s Republic of China honors him, as do Jews and Jewishmuseums around the world.
In 1943, as part of their oppression of China during the war, theJapanese forced Shanghai’s Jewish refugees to move to a small area in theHongkou district. This so-called Shanghai Ghetto was not purely Jewish. Therefugees were simply shoved in among the native Chinese residents. Conditionswere miserable. Food and goods were scarce, indoor-plumbing was rare, andemployment was minimal. Permits to work elsewhere in the city were hard to comeby. Ghoya Kano, the brutal Japanese commander of the Ghetto, beat some residentswho applied for one. He also beat other people for no apparent reason at all. Ghoyastyled himself, “The King of the Jews.”
The Shanghainese enabled the Jews to survive. They brought in suppliesfrom other parts of Shanghai and traded them for services. These includedmedical care and entertainment. All this took place without any incidents ofanti-Semitism. In fact, many lasting friendships were formed. Some evenmarried.
In August 2015 a new section of the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Museumwas opened. It is a reproduction of the White Horse Inn, a popular social spot during the war years. This building now sitsacross the street from the main museum building. A large lawn leads to thefront of the new Inn. In the middle of that lawn is a fountain and in thatfountain stands a beautiful statue designed by Mr. Zhao Qiang. In it a Shanghaiwoman befriends a young Jewish girl. The artwork can also be found on an official 2013 Shanghai Mint commemorative, called ShanghaiMemories. For those interested, the .999 silver Shanghai Memoriescommemorative is sold in the museum gift shop.
The White Horse Inn provided a welcome refuge for two museum visitors ona cold December day. Jim and I sat down in the café and had cups of excellent coffeethat would have made the original Viennese proprietors proud. It was a fittingend to a walk through a fascinating and proud episode in China’s history.

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发表于 2015-12-22 08:32:12 | 显示全部楼层
  人要知恩图报才好。不能知恩不报或者恩将仇报。这才是做人的准则
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发表于 2015-12-23 09:22:12 | 显示全部楼层
A large lawn leads to thefront of the new Inn. In the middle of that lawn is a fountain and in thatfountain stands a beautiful statue designed by Mr. Zhao Qiang.
这个 Mr. Zhao Qiang,是赵强先生还是音译的原因?从拼音上看,和赵樯先生一样哈。
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发表于 2015-12-23 10:17:17 | 显示全部楼层
天津海风 发表于 2015-12-23 09:22
A large lawn leads to thefront of the new Inn. In the middle of that lawn is a fountain and in that ...

谢谢您的提醒,这是一个音译的错误,已经修正
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